Benefits & Virtues of Salat al-Awwabin

Salat al-Awwabin (prayer of the oft-repenting) is a Nafl salah offered between Maghrib and Isha. Awwabeen is the plural of the Arabic word Awab and it means one who returns to obedience/submission by asking the forgiveness of Allah. Some Ahadith also use this term for the Duha prayer.

1. Quran

هذا ما توعدون لكل أواب حفيظ

[It will be said], “This is what you were promised – for every returner [to Allah] and keeper [of His covenant] (50:32)

ربكم أعلم بما في نفوسكم إن تكونوا صالحين فإنه كان للأوابين غفورا

Your Lord is most knowing of what is within yourselves. If you should be righteous [in intention] – then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving. (17:25)

اصبر على ما يقولون واذكر عبدنا داوود ذا الأيد إنه أواب

Be patient over what they say and remember Our servant Dawud (عليه السلام), the possessor of strength; indeed, he was one who repeatedly turned back [to Allah]. (38:17)

والطير محشورة كل له أواب

And (so did) the birds assembled: all with him [Dawud (عليه السلام)] did turn (to Allah i.e. glorified His Praises). (38:19)

ووهبنا لداوود سليمان نعم العبد إنه أواب

And to Dawud We gave Sulaiman (عليهم السلام). An excellent servant, indeed he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah]. (38:30)

وخذ بيدك ضغثا فاضرب به ولا تحنث إنا وجدناه صابرا نعم العبد إنه أواب

[We said to Ayub (عليه السلام)], “And take in your hand a bunch [of grass] and strike with it and do not break your oath.” Indeed, We found him patient, an excellent servant. Indeed, he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah]. (38:44)

2. Hadith

2.1 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that: Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ صَلَّى بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ سِتَّ رَكَعَاتٍ لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمْ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ بِسُوءٍ عُدِلْنَ لَهُ بِعِبَادَةِ ثِنْتَىْ عَشْرَةَ سَنَةً

“Whoever prays six Rak’ah after Al-Maghrib, and he does not speak about anything between them, then they will be counted for him as twelve years of worship.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 435)

2.2 It is reported that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“Whoever reads six Rak’ats after Maghrib (Salat al-Awabeen), his sins are forgiven, even if they are equal to the foam of the sea.”

(Tabrani)

2.3 It was narrated that ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ صَلَّى بَيْنَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ

‘Whoever prays twenty Rak’ah between Maghrib and ‘Isha’, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise’.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1373)

2.4 Hudhayfa (رضي الله عنه) said,

“I came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and prayed Maghrib with him. When he had finished the prayer, he stood and prayed, and he kept praying until he prayed Isha.”

(Ahmad)

2.5 Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

من صلى بعد المغرب ست ركعات كتب من الاوّابين وتلا {إنه كان للأوابين غفورا}

“Whosoever prays six raka’aāt after the Maghrib prayer shall be written amongst the ‘Al-Awwabin.’ He then proceeded to recite the verse: “Indeed, to all those who are ever-penitent, He is all-forgiving.” (17:25)

(Ibn Khuzayma & Maraqi al-Falah bi imdaad al-Fattah)

3. ‘Ulama

3.1 According to the Shafiʿiyyah, Ṣalat al-Awwabin is also known as ‘Salat ul-Ghaflah’ (the ignored prayer) due to most people ignoring it to eat or sleep.

3.2 According to the Hanabilah, it is mustahabb to perform optional prayers between the Maghrib and the Isha prayers due to the narration of Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه) regarding the verses:

تتجافى جنوبهم عن المضاجع يدعون ربهم خوفا وطمعا ومما رزقناهم ينفقون

They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend. (32:16)

كانوا قليلا من الليل ما يهجعون

They used to sleep but little of the night. (51:17)

Anas (رضي الله عنه) says regarding these verses: “They are those who offer voluntary prayers between the Maghrib and Isha prayers.”

(Note: In the time of the Sahabah, the Isha salah used to be delayed until one third of the night had passed.)

(Al-Mughni)

4. See also

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